Types of Gardens

Neighborhood: the most common type of garden. Typically located on a piece of land in a neighborhood that is sectioned out into separate plots of land. Neighborhood garden plots are rented by individual community members and families. Most gardeners harvest produce for personal use.

School/Youth: provide the opportunity for kids to engage in gardening activities in educational settings. They can be used as outdoor classrooms to help students reconnect with nature and integrate a diverse set of skills that can be applied to a variety of school subjects.

Entrepreneurial/job training: usually created by nonprofit organizations to develop training programs that teach job skills to under-served populations. They provide entrepreneurial training in a less traditional way and participants have the opportunity to gain beneficial job experience through internships and part-time jobs.

Therapy: provide therapy to patients that are often in a hospital, senior center, group home, or other care facility. A trained horticulture therapist often leads the program and supplemental classes.

Food Pantry: often created by a local food bank or pantry. Volunteers are in charge of running the garden and harvesting produce that is donated to the food pantry/bank for people in need.

Faith: are associated with faith organizations and churches within a community. Produce from the garden is shared by individual gardeners or is donated to different charities affiliated with the organization.

Demonstration: located in working community gardens that are often open to the general public for display, demonstrations, and classes. They are often managed by community members and volunteers who educate the public about gardening.


Before you get dirty, ask yourself:

  • What is the purpose of the garden?
  • Who will the garden serve?
  • Is there a specific need?
  • Do you have a garden site, or will you need to find property?
  • Is the land location available for more than 5 years?
  • Who will be part of your leadership and planning team?
  • How will decisions be made?
  • Do you have enough gardening experience to guide operations?
  • Who will develop marketing, human resource, and financial strategies?
  • Who are potential supporters of the garden?
  • Do you have funding, or how will you seek funding assistance?
  • How much time can group members commit to the garden?
  • What is the best way for everyone to stay in contact?
  • Are government departments, nonprofit agencies and local businesses willing to sponsor?